Her finner du litt om Norges Skytterforbund, European Shooting Confederation og International Shooting.
Norges Skytterforbund – European Shooting Confederation – International Shooting Sport Federation
Norges Skytterforbund (NSF)
Hentet fra www.skyting.no
NSF formål og historikk
Norges Skytterforbunds formål og oppgaver er: som sentralorganisasjon og særforbund for skyting å organisere og lede arbeidet for skytingens fremme
å arbeide for hensiktsmessige regler for de enkelte skytegrener, så vel nasjonalt som internasjonalt å representere norsk skyting internasjonalt og være bindeledd mellom innenlandske og utenlandske skytterorganisasjoner, samt å formidle eller arrangere konkurranser med utenlandske organisasjoner å utvikle egen aktivitet, organisasjon, økonomi og ansatte slik at de krav og utfordringer forbundets medlemmer, norsk idrett og internasjonal idrett stiller, imøtekommes. Dette er § 1 i Norges Skytterforbunds lov.
Skyting mot skive er en idrett med lange tradisjoner i Norge. Bergenserne var tidligst ute med å organisere skytesporten her i landet. Det Bergenske Skydeselskap ble stiftet i 1769. I Oslo ble Kristian Augusts Venner stiftet i 1810.
I 1861 ble forgjengeren til Norges Idrettsforbund og Olympiske Komité stiftet, nemlig Centralforeningen for Utbredelse av Legemsøvelser og Vaabenbrug, stiftet. Det er viktig å legge merke til at skyting er en av de idrettene som først ble organisert og kom med i den organiserte idretten i Norge.
De første miniatyrskytterlagene ble stiftet allerede før år 1900. De ble svært ofte kalt salong-skytterlag etter den våpentypen de brukte, nemlig salonggeværer. Oslo Sportskyttere ble stiftet i 1912 og tok seg av de skytterne som drev med lerdue, hjorteskyting og pistolskyting. I begynnelsen var det også dette laget som organiserte den internasjonale deltagelsen i disse grenene. Den internasjonale deltagelsen på riflesiden ble organisert av Det frivillige skyttevesen DFS.
I 1923 ble det stilt krav om at de nasjonale forbund som ville delta i internasjonale mesterskap måtte være medlem av den Internasjonale Skytterunion (ISU/UIT). Et slikt medlemskap var vanskelig for DFS, da de fant at dette lå på siden av deres formål. Det ble derfor opprettet en ny organisasjon for å arbeide med norsk representasjon i internasjonale mesterskap. Den nye organisasjonen fikk navnet Norsk Avdelig av den Internasjonale Skytterunion, NAIS, og ble stiftet i 1925.
Etter hvert ble det flere lag som utelukkende hadde lerdue, hjorteskyting og pistolskyting på programmet. Dette resulterte i at Norges Sportskytterforbund ble stiftet i 1925. Miniatyrskytterlagene sluttet seg i 1929 sammen til Norges Miniatyrskytterforbund. Denne organisasjonens arbeid var rent nasjonalt og hadde ingen representasjon utenlands.
I 1946 ble det nåværende Norges Skytterforbund stiftet ved en sammenslåing av de nevnte organisasjonene NAIS, miniatyrskytterforbundet, sportskytterforbundet og Skyteutvalget i Arbeidernes Idrettsforbund. Etter denne reorganiseringen dekker Norges Skytterforbund alle de skytegrener hvor det kjempes om internasjonale mesterskap og titler innen rifle, pistol, lerdue og viltmål.
Nasjonalt er forbundet tilsluttet Norges Idrettsforbund og Olympiske komité. Internasjonalt er Norges Skytterforbund tilsluttet International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF), den Europeiske Skytterkonfederation (ESC) og Nordisk Skytter Region.
European Shooting Confederation
Hentet fra www.esc-shooting.org
The organization of the European Shooting Championships was decided at the Congress of The International Shooting Union held in Helsinki in 1952. It was the merit of Romania to organize them for the first time three years later, in 1955. According to the Secretary General of the International Shooting Union at that time, Karl-August Larson, Sweden, the intention of establishing the championships was to organize them in such a way that the number of participants was similar to those of the shooters who took part in the World Championships before the Second World War.
The 1st European Championships at the Tunari shooting range in Bucharest were contested under UIT control and very successfully organized by the National Shooting Federation under the patronage of the President of the Romanian Republic.
It is said that the competitions were at the level of the great traditional championships initiated in 1897.
Moreover they brought new important things in the field of shooting sport as official competitions for women and juniors. The importance of these championships also lays in the fact that they contributed to the development of the shooting sport in the World, continuing the tradition of the Olympic events set forth in Athens in 1896.
The result lists from Bucharest show that USSR won 12 of 13 team medals and 13 individual medals.
Regional competitions were organized as well, of Balkan countries, Latin countries, Nordic countries, and of a union of small European countries. The large agenda of competitions and the achievements at the level of performance contributed to the foundation of the other four continental organizations, confirmed by the International Shooting Union.
The European Shooting Confederation was a direct outcome of a Committee for European Affairs, which the International Shooting Union set up in 1958, during the World Championships in Moscow. Dr. Kurt Hasler was its first chairman.
The Committee worked intensively for the development of the shooting sport in Europe and proposed during the Olympic Games in Rome in 1960 the formation of the European Shooting Confederation. Four years later a motion was put before the UIT General Assembly to work out statutes for the Confederation.
It was during the European Championships in Pilzen in 1969 the European Shooting Confederation was formed on 18th August. Representatives of 23 nations were present at the inaugural meeting. This figure includes the Middle East and the North African Mediterranean area federations whose members were, originally, allowed to compete but were not eligible to win European titles.
Gavrila Barani of Romania, a Vice President of the UIT since 1960, has replaced Dr. Kurt Hasler as chairman of the European Committee. It was fitting that he should be appointed President of the new body. His leadership continued to the benefit of European shooting sport until 1989.
Björn Schullström, Sweden, was his successor. He kept the position until 1993, when he left after one period of office.
Gianpiero Armani, Italy was then elected. He chaired the Confederation until he decided to retire in 2001.
In Zagreb, Croatia, on 22. July 2001, the General Assembly elected Unni Nicolaysen, Norway as its first female President and for the first time there were no rival candidates for the position.
The Constitution of the ESC is based on that of the ISSF and on its statutes, that control Continental Organisations. The ESC is primarily governed by its General Assembly that elects its Presidium, Chairmen of Committees and Auditors. The Presidium, which meets at least once every year, is elected for a term of four years. The Presidium comprises the President, two Vice Presidents and eight members and is responsible for executing the decisions of the General Assembly and the Long Term Activity Project, the Working Plans and the Budget established by the Presidium for the period.
During the period from 1955 almost 120 European Championships are unrolled; separate championships for airguns, shotgun and 300m and the big championships covering all events. A predominant part of the Olympic- and World records approved in the period are achieved by Europeans, which tells us that the European Shooting Confederation is a strong confederation within the ISSF.
International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF)
Hentet fra www.issf-shooting.org
Shooting with the rifle, pistol and shotgun has been practiced in many countries since the middle Ages. During the 19th Century, however, shooting also developed into a sport: Associations, federations, councils, confederations, unions or organizations were formed in some countries, using different words to describe the alliance of shooters in clubs or the alliance of clubs in local, regional or national organizations.
History books report of shooting competitions in some European countries as early as the 11th Century, but the modern concept of our sport began in the 19th Century with the development of shooting equipment, and several of the present day national federations were formed.
At the first Olympic Games of the modern times in the year 1896 in Athens, nine different sports were placed on the program by the International Olympic Committee, and the shooting sport had the highest number of participants in these first Olympic Games. The first world championship in our sport was organized in 1897 in France, and eight national shooting federations founded the “Union Internationale des Federations et Associations Nationales de Tir” on 7th July 1907 in Zurich, Switzerland.
The concept of an international federation for the shooting sport was first discussed during a six-nation shooting competition in Milan, Italy in June of 1906. There, it was agreed to draft a constitution and shooting regulations. These regulations were intended to define the specification of arms, targets, clothing, firing positions and standardized rules of conduct and organization for the competitions. The athletes, who practice the shooting sport throughout the world, are being reminded that it was the “National Union of the Shooting Societies of France” that had accepted the great responsibility of producing these first drafts of the regulations, and in principle, these drafts are still the basic rules after 100 years of application. The inaugural meeting discussed the choice of language for the conduct of proceedings, and French was chosen, but it was also decided that the statutes and other official documents should also be published in the German language. The French title of the “International Union of National Federations and Associations of Shooting” started to use the initials, UIT.
This Union was dissolved in 1915 during World War I but was reorganized in 1921 under the new name of “Union Internationale de Tir”, also using the initials, UIT.
After World War II had started, the activities of the Union were again suspended and then reorganized in 1947 under the new name, “International Shooting Union”, using the title in the English language which from then on was decided to be the official working language of the organization. The initials of the International Shooting Union would have been ISU, but our organization had to continue using the letters of its French title, UIT, in order not to confuse it with the initials used in the international sport world by the International Skating Union which was founded in 1892 in Scheveningen and which has used ISU as its official abbreviation ever since.
Today, the International Shooting Union is recognized by the International Olympic Committee – IOC – as the sole supervising body of the international amateur shooting sport for all international competitions. It is presently composed of 157 national federations from 137 affiliated countries.
Major goals of the International Shooting Union are to promote and manage the development of amateur sport shooting in the world and to organize and supervise the shooting competitions and to control all technical facilities at the Olympic Games in cooperation with the International Olympic Committee.
In order to realize these goals, the Union has adopted uniform, technical regulations in the various sport shooting disciplines, whose observance is controlled by licensed judges. This is to guarantee that all sport shooters throughout the world can measure their strength in fair competition under equal conditions at all championships organized by the UIT. Further tasks are the basic and advanced education of trainers and the scientific research of educational and medical fundamentals in sport shooting.
The work is executed by the General Assembly, the Administrative Council, the Executive Committee and the section committees of the individual sport shooting disciplines. The Executive Committee is composed of the president, four vice presidents, the secretary general, the chairman of the Technical Committee and three other members. Apart from the General Assembly, which meets every two years, the most important decisions are made by the Administrative Council which, in addition to the members of the Executive Committee, is made up of the representatives of the continental federations and the chairmen of the individual section committees as well as seven other members.
In 1986, final competitions for the Olympic sport shooting events were introduced according to the traditional program. In the same year, the UIT introduced an Olympic qualification system, in which athletes from all parts of the world could qualify for the Olympic Games. Apart from the world championships and continental championships, international competitions were designated for this qualification system, and the world cup was born. The World Cup Final is the highlight of each world cup season and was conducted for the first time in 1988.
In 1989, the electronic scoring system was introduced for score displays, which did away with the traditional paper targets at the final competitions of the large sporting events. The sport shooting competitions could be witnessed by spectators, and the winners, immediately celebrated. With this development, sport shooting was seen on television for the first time at the Olympic Games in Barcelona in 1992. A new era in sport shooting had begun. The shooting sport had fulfilled the requirements demanded of a modern, contemporary sport with spectator appeal. At the ´96 Olympic Games in Atlanta the UIT certainly enjoyed the best coverage of the finals in all 15 Olympic events by the Atlanta Olympic Broadcasting System which can truly be considered the best television production that our sport has ever received in its history.
Today, shooting sport may undisputedly be regarded as an important pillar of the Olympic Movement and is firmly anchored in the program of the Olympic Games.
“UIT” becomes “ISSF”
It had been considered important to identify the organisation as the governing body of the shooting sport in comparison to military shooting, hunting or the multiple other uses for rifles and pistols. The change of the title of “Union” to International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) in order to conform to almost all the other sporting organisations was officially approved at the General Assembly in Barcelona, Spain on 15th July 1998.